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It is important that you get a proper fit for any type of athletic shoe you want to purchase. You may find it helpful to go to a specialty store that has workers who can measure your feet correctly in order to make sure your new shoes fit. Another tip is to avoid looking for the cheapest option, because cheaper shoes often equate to worse quality. When you go to a specialty store, the staff will likely ask you what activity you plan to participate in. This is because there are different types of shoes that correspond to different activities. Walking shoes should be worn if you plan on going for a walk, and running shoes should be worn if you want to go on a run.

Finding a properly-fitting shoe is important in reducing injuries and preventing foot problems. For more information about treatment, contact Dr. Andrew Shapiro and Dr. Michael Barkin from New York. Our doctors  will treat your foot and ankle needs.

Proper Shoe Fitting

A common concern when it comes to foot health, having properly fitted shoes can help prevent injuries to the foot. Out feet affect our posture and gait, which in turn affects the biomechanics and overall bodily structure. With 33 joints, 26 bones, and over 100 ligaments, the potential for serious injury is much greater than one realizes. Although the feet cease growth in adulthood, they still change shape as they mature. Here are some factors to consider when it comes to investing in proper fitting shoes:

  • Be sure the shoes fit correctly right away
  • Ensure the ball of your foot fits comfortably in the widest portion of the shoes
  • Even though they may look fashionable, improper fitting shoes can either create adverse conditions or exacerbate existing ones you may already have
  • Walk along a carpeted surface to ensure the shoes comfortably fit during normal activity

Keeping in mind how shoes fit the biomechanics of your body, properly-fitting shoes are vitally important. Fortunately, it is not difficult to acquire footwear that fits correctly. Be sure to wear shoes that support the overall structure of your body. Do your feet a favor and invest in several pairs of well-fitted shoes today.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Valley Stream, NY. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

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Ingrown toenails are a common occurrence, and they happen as a result of the toenail growing into the skin that surrounds it. It is more common for the big toe to suffer from ingrown toenails more than any other toe on the foot. If you are looking to avoid getting an ingrown toenail, try to cut straight across instead of in a rounded or angled shape. Cutting your nails in an angled shape may allow for the nail to puncture the skin, which may lead to an ingrown toenail. Other causes of ingrown toenails include shoes that are too narrow, sweaty feet, or socks that fit too tightly. Genetics may also be a factor in one’s ability to develop an ingrown toenail.

Ingrown toenails can become painful if they are not treated properly. For more information about ingrown toenails, contact Dr. Andrew Shapiro and Dr. Michael Barkin of New York. Our doctors can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Ingrown Toenails

Ingrown toenails occur when a toenail grows sideways into the bed of the nail, causing pain, swelling, and possibly infection.

Causes

  • Bacterial infections
  • Improper nail cutting such as cutting it too short or not straight across
  • Trauma to the toe, such as stubbing, which causes the nail to grow back irregularly
  • Ill-fitting shoes that bunch the toes too close together
  • Genetic predisposition

Prevention

Because ingrown toenails are not something found outside of shoe-wearing cultures, going barefoot as often as possible will decrease the likeliness of developing ingrown toenails. Wearing proper fitting shoes and using proper cutting techniques will also help decrease your risk of developing ingrown toenails.

Treatment

Ingrown toenails are a very treatable foot condition. In minor cases, soaking the affected area in salt or antibacterial soaps will not only help with the ingrown nail itself, but also help prevent any infections from occurring. In more severe cases, surgery is an option. In either case, speaking to your podiatrist about this condition will help you get a better understanding of specific treatment options that are right for you.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Valley Stream, NY. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

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You may encounter a lot of different foot problems if your place of work requires you to frequently be on your feet. The two most common causes of foot injuries in the workplace are improper footwear and the flooring you may be standing on. Concrete floors are notorious for causing discomfort in those who have to stand on them for long periods of time. If your job allows you to, it is recommended that you use a cushioned mat to help prevent your feet from becoming fatigued. If you believe your footwear is the source of your foot pain on the job, you should opt for a shoe that fits you properly. You should also make sure that the socks you are wearing are not too tight on your feet, since this can lead to toe cramping.  

While working on the feet, it is important to take the proper care of them. For more information about working on your feet, contact Dr. Andrew Shapiro and Dr. Michael Barkin from New York. Our doctors will treat your foot and ankle needs.

Working on Your Feet

Standing on your feet for long periods of time can cause stress and pain in your feet. Your whole body may experience change in terms of posture, back pain, bunions, callouses and or plantar warts. There are ways to avoid these conditions with proper foot care, smart choices and correct posture.

Positive Changes

Negative heeled shoe – Choosing this shoe type places the heel slightly lower than the ball of the foot. These are great for overall foot health. Find shoes that fit you correctly.

Go barefoot – Our feet were not designed to be enclosed for all hours of the day. Try to periodically expose your feet to air.

Eliminate Pain

Foot Exercises – Performing simple exercises, incorporating yoga and doing stretches are beneficial. This will allow increased blood flow to the area and muscles of the foot.

Achilles tendon – Stretching the foot out flat on the floor will relax the calf muscles and tendon. These exercises can be performed almost anywhere. Make sure you add these exercises to your daily regimen. 

With a little bit of this information and knowing more about foot health, you will notice changes. Foot stretches and proper footwear will help with pain and prevent further issues.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Valley Stream, NY. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

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Plantar fasciitis occurs when the plantar fascia in your foot becomes inflamed. The plantar fascia is a long ligament that runs along the bottom of your foot, providing it with structural support. Plantar fasciitis pain is usually felt early in the morning and tends to go away as the day goes on. Common treatment methods for the condition are rest, ice, and arch supports. In some cases, none of these at-home treatments may be effective, so it is important that you see a podiatrist if this is the case for you.

Plantar fasciitis can be very painful and inconvenient. If you are experiencing heel pain or symptoms of plantar fasciitis, contact Dr. Andrew Shapiro and Dr. Michael Barkin  from New York. Our doctors can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

What is Plantar Fasciitis?

Plantar fasciitis is the inflammation of the thick band of tissue that runs along the bottom of your foot, known as the plantar fascia, and causes mild to severe heel pain.

What Causes Plantar Fasciitis?

  • Excessive running
  • Non-supportive shoes
  • Overpronation
  • Repeated stretching and tearing of the plantar fascia

How Can It Be Treated?

  • Conservative measures – anti-inflammatories, ice packs, stretching exercises, physical therapy, orthotic devices
  • Shockwave therapy – sound waves are sent to the affected area to facilitate healing and are usually used for chronic cases of plantar fasciitis
  • Surgery – usually only used as a last resort when all else fails. The plantar fascia can be surgically detached from the heel

While very treatable, plantar fasciitis is definitely not something that should be ignored. Especially in severe cases, speaking to your doctor right away is highly recommended to avoid complications and severe heel pain. Your podiatrist can work with you to provide the appropriate treatment options tailored to your condition.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Valley Stream, NY. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

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A lot of parents are unknowingly causing harm to their children’s feet by putting them in dangerous footwear. These parents are buying heels for their young girls and flip-flops for their young boys. These two types of shoes should not be worn on a regular basis by anyone, especially children who haven’t had their feet properly develop yet. It is advised that kids do not wear any shoes with a heel larger than two inches because heeled shoes place too much pressure on the ball of the foot. According to a study, “About 55 percent of children had suffered injuries by wearing shoes which were either too small or unsuitable.”

Making sure that your children maintain good foot health is very important as they grow. If you have any questions, contact Dr. Andrew Shapiro and Dr. Michael Barkin of New York. Our doctors can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Keeping Children's Feet Healthy

Having healthy feet during childhood can help prevent medical problems later in life, namely in the back and legs. As children grow, their feet require different types of care. Here are some things to consider...

Although babies do not walk yet, it is still very important to take care of their feet.

Avoid putting tight shoes or socks on his or her feet.

Allow the baby to stretch and kick his or her feet to feel comfortable.

As a toddler, kids are now on the move and begin to develop differently. At this age, toddlers are getting a feel for walking, so don’t be alarmed if your toddler is unsteady or ‘walks funny’. 

As your child gets older, it is important to teach them how to take care of their feet.

Show them proper hygiene to prevent infections such as fungus.

Be watchful for any pain or injury.

Have all injuries checked by a doctor as soon as possible.

Comfortable, protective shoes should always be worn, especially at play.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Valley Stream, NY. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

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In order to avoid injury, you should be sure to choose the right pair of shoes to wear. Shoes that fit poorly will not only make you uncomfortable, but also give you pain in your feet and aggravate pre-existing conditions. Shoe-lacing techniques have been found to alleviate foot pain, prevent injury, and relieve foot problems. While most people tend to use the criss-cross shoe lacing technique, alternate techniques have been found to prevent heel slippage, bone prominence, and darkening of the toenails.

Everyday foot care is very important to prevent infection and other foot ailments. If you need your feet checked, contact Dr. Andrew Shapiro and Dr. Michael Barkin from New York. Our doctors can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Everyday Foot Care

Often, people take care of their bodies, face and hair more so than they do for their feet. But the feet are a very important aspect of our bodies, and one that we should pay more attention to. Without our feet, we would not be able to perform most daily tasks.

It is best to check your feet regularly to make sure there are no new bruises or cuts that you may not have noticed before. For dry feet, moisturizer can easily be a remedy and can be applied as often as necessary to the affected areas. Wearing shoes that fit well can also help you maintain good foot health, as well as making it easier to walk and do daily activities without the stress or pain of ill-fitting shoes, high heels, or even flip flops. Wearing clean socks with closed shoes is important to ensure that sweat and bacteria do not accumulate within the shoe. Clean socks help to prevent Athlete’s foot, fungi problems, bad odors, and can absorb sweat.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Valley Stream, NY. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

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Hammertoe is a type of foot deformity that occurs when the toe begins to bend or buckle, and it is sometimes caused when the feet constantly rub against footwear, like high heels. Consequently, this condition is more commonly found in women compared to men. Laurie Keegan, a sufferer of hammertoe, has this to say about the condition: “I can't do the things I want to do. I get on the treadmill and I can only be on there for about 20 minutes. It's just too painful. I can't continue.” Fortunately, surgery can be done to repair hammertoe, but you should consult with your podiatrist before you begin to seek it as an option.

Hammertoe

Hammertoes can be a painful condition to live with. For more information, contact Dr. Andrew Shapiro and Dr. Michael Barkin of New York. Our doctors will answer any of your foot- and ankle-related questions.

Hammertoe

Hammertoe is a foot deformity that affects the joints of the second, third, fourth, or fifth toes of your feet. It is a painful foot condition in which these toes curl and arch up, which can often lead to pain when wearing footwear.

Symptoms

  • Pain in the affected toes
  • Development of corns or calluses due to friction
  • Inflammation
  • Redness
  • Contracture of the toes

Causes

Genetics – People who are genetically predisposed to hammertoe are often more susceptible

Arthritis – Because arthritis affects the joints in your toes, further deformities stemming from arthritis can occur

Trauma – Direct trauma to the toes could potentially lead to hammertoe

Ill-fitting shoes – Undue pressure on the front of the toes from ill-fitting shoes can potentially lead to the development of hammertoe

Treatment

Orthotics – Custom made inserts can be used to help relieve pressure placed on the toes and therefore relieve some of the pain associated with it

Medications – Oral medications such as anti-inflammatories or NSAIDs could be used to treat the pain and inflammation hammertoes causes. Injections of corticosteroids are also sometimes used

Surgery – In more severe cases where the hammertoes have become more rigid, foot surgery is a potential option

If you have any questions please contact our office located in Valley Stream, NY. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about What Are Hammertoes?

Athlete’s foot is a contagious fungal infection that can spread to the toenails and hands. The condition itself may be hard to cure, and it can be caught by direct contact with someone who has it or by touching surfaces that have been contaminated with it. The fungus has been found to thrive in damp environments such as showers, locker room floors, and around swimming pools. If you want to avoid getting athlete’s foot, you should wash your feet with soap and water and dry them thoroughly, especially between the toes. You also should avoid sharing your socks with other people since this can help spread the fungus. Lastly, be sure to change your socks when your feet get sweaty, and wear shoes that are made from a breathable material.

Athlete’s foot is an inconvenient condition that can be easily reduced with the proper treatment. If you have any concerns about your feet and ankles, contact Dr. Andrew Shapiro and Dr. Michael Barkin from New York.  Our doctors will treat your foot and ankle needs.

Athlete’s Foot: The Sole Story

Athlete's foot, also known as tinea pedis, can be an extremely contagious foot infection. It is commonly contracted in public changing areas and bathrooms, dormitory style living quarters, around locker rooms and public swimming pools, or anywhere your feet often come into contact with other people.

Solutions to Combat Athlete’s Foot

  • Hydrate your feet by using lotion
  • Exfoliate
  • Buff off nails
  • Use of anti-fungal products
  • Examine your feet and visit your doctor if any suspicious blisters or cuts develop

Athlete’s foot can cause many irritating symptoms such as dry and flaking skin, itching, and redness. Some more severe symptoms can include bleeding and cracked skin, intense itching and burning, and even pain when walking. In the worst cases, Athlete’s foot can cause blistering as well. Speak to your podiatrist for a better understanding of the different causes of Athlete’s foot, as well as help in determining which treatment options are best for you.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Valley Stream, NY. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

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Improper footwear is one of the leading causes of bunion development. Women are ten times more likely to have bunions compared to men, and the fact that they tend to wear high heels and narrow shoes only makes their bunion problems worse. Another cause of bunions can be genetics. Foot shape and structure are hereditary traits, and some foot shapes are more prone to bunion development than others. Some risk factors include having flat feet, low arches, and loose joints.

If you are suffering from bunions, contact Dr. Andrew Shapiro and Dr. Michael Barkin of New York. Our doctors can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

What is a Bunion?

A bunion is formed of swollen tissue or an enlargement of boney growth, usually located at the base joint of the toe that connects to the foot. The swelling occurs due to the bones in the big toe shifting inward, which impacts the other toes of the foot. This causes the area around the base of the big toe to become inflamed and painful.

Why do Bunions Form?

Genetics – susceptibility to bunions are often hereditary

Stress on the feet – poorly fitted and uncomfortable footwear that places stress on feet, such as heels, can cause bunions to form

How are Bunions Diagnosed?

Doctors often perform two tests – blood tests and x-rays – when trying to diagnose bunions, especially in the early stages of development. Blood tests help determine if the foot pain is being caused by something else, such as arthritis, while x-rays provide a clear picture of your bone structure to your doctor.

How are Bunions Treated?

  • Refrain from wearing heels or similar shoes that cause discomfort
  • Select wider shoes that can provide more comfort and reduce pain
  • Anti-inflammatory and pain management drugs
  • Orthotics or foot inserts
  • Surgery

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office located in Valley Stream, NY. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

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As warm weather approaches, many people choose to wear flip-flops. The flip-flop has been a popular summer shoe for decades, however there are many podiatrists that would caution against its usage. Foot injuries may occur as a result of wearing flip-flops, including stress fractures and blisters. According to the Consumer Product Safety Commission on Emergency Room Visits, 25,300 out of 198,437 emergency room visits due to footwear were caused by wearing flip-flops. Although some of these injuries were minor cuts on the toes, others were more serious such as sprains and tendinitis.

Flip-flops are not always the best choice of footwear. If you have any concerns about your feet or ankles, contact Dr. Andrew Shapiro and Dr. Michael Barkin from New York. Our doctors will assist you with all of your foot and ankle needs.

Flip-Flops and Feet

When the weather starts warming up, people enjoy wearing flip-flops.  Flip-flops are comfortable, stylish, and easy to slip on and off; they're perfect for any summer beach goer.  However, these shoes can cause harm to the feet.

How Can Flip-Flops Affect Me Long-Term?

  • Ankle problems
  • Hip problems
  • Lower back problems
  • Pain in the balls of the feet
  • Problems with foot arches
  • Changes in the way you walk

Are there injuries associated with flip-flops?

Yes.  Since flip-flops are relatively weak and do not provide the same amount of support as sneakers, people who wear flip-flops regularly are more susceptible to injuries. On top of that, the open nature of the shoe makes your feet more prone to other problems, such as cuts and even infections.  Common injuries and ailments include:

  • Sprained ankles
  • Blisters
  • Infections
  • Cuts and Scrapes

I like wearing flip-flops, are there safe alternatives?

When buying flip-flops, try to find ones that have sturdy soles and that are made of high quality materials that will support for your feet.  These flip-flops will cost more, but will also last longer as a result.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Valley Stream, NY.  We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

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